India’s clean India initiative (SWATCH BHARAT ABHIYAN) is now going bigger and bigger every year. India also becomes third largest solar energy capacity in the world. India;s these steps towards renewable energy will helps the country to build a clean and green environment. This boom is renewable energy sector will help India to grow its economy and build thousands of jobs for youngsters. This time a chemistry professor from India has built India’s first plastic roads and now Indian government is quite serious about this. The government is planning to mandatory the use of plastic during road development. He has notified all road developers to use waste plastic along with bituminous mixes for road construction to overcome the growing problem of disposal of plastic waste in India’s urban regions.
India’s First Plastic Road
like other countries, India is also facing issue regarding waste management.The 40 percent of the country’s municipal waste remains uncollected, according to the OECD, and much of the garbage is made up of plastic.To deal problems with waste management, the municipality of Visakhapatnam has set up a pilot project to use plastic waste and it improves the city’s road network. The men behind these India’s first plastic road project are Dr. R Vasudevan, a chemistry professor and dean at the Thiagarajar College of Engineering in Madurai.the recycled plastic coating project involves eleven roads in five urban areas. This technology should make it possible to replace one tonne of tar per kilometer of a road by plastic, cheaper.
How Plastic Roads Are Made
Before plastic road we use to build roads from asphalt and concrete, These materials are considered as the best to build roads. As to find the alternative solution to deal with waste management researchers has built the solution to use plastic to build roads. There are many claims of 100% roads build with plastic roads but it is not yet possible to build roads from only plastic waste.Plastic roads are roads made by using composites of plastic with other materials or only from plastic.
The first steps to build a plastic road is to collect a huge amount of waste plastic at one place. The second process is sorting, in which the material is cleaned, dried, and shredded. The shredded plastic is mixed and melted at around 170°C.Hot bitumen is then added and mixed with the melted plastic. After mixing the mixture is applied in the same way as applied to asphalt and concrete laid method.The plastics used in building these roads consists product packaging. Some of the most common plastics used in packaging are polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE), polypropylene (PP), and high and low-density polyethylene (HDPE and LDPE).